From the end of the 1990s, based on the advanced experience and practical methods of foreign professional sports, China’s modern and contemporary physical training has gradually entered the practice training of high-level athletes in China preparing for the Olympic Games. After nearly 20 years of development, China’s modern physical training has undergone tremendous changes. In the field of competitive sports, Chinese women’s volleyball, track and field, swimming, cycling and other projects have achieved remarkable results in the world competition, which is inseparable from their emphasis on physical training; in the field of mass fitness, ordinary people for muscle strengthening, shaping, reduction. We will pay more and more attention to the improvement of various physical quality trainings, and it will become more and more hot. The modern physical training in our country shows a trend of vigorous development. The results show that: (1) The development of modern physical fitness training in China is divided into four stages: one is the theoretical introduction stage: the late 1990s-2004; the second is the learning and digestion stage: late 2004-2008; absorption application stage: after the 2008 Olympic Games - 2012; fourth, the stage of vigorous development and innovation, after the 2012 Olympic Games. (2) The main problems faced by modern physical training in China: first, modern physical training started late, theoretical research lags behind practice; second, modern physical training theory and practice system is “fragmented”; third is modern fitness coaching system It has not yet formed; the fourth is the unbalanced structure of competitive sports and the development of national fitness. (3) The future development path of modern physical fitness training in China: first, system integration, the theory and practice of promoting modern physical fitness training system in China will change from “fragmentation” to “systematization”; second, pay attention to the status of physical coaches in training, gradually establish a modern physical fitness coaching system; third, establish a modern physical fitness training theory and practice, training and certification system that suits China’s national conditions.