采用问卷调查和数理统计法，对北京市户籍居民以街道、乡镇为抽样框进行 了随机抽样、入户问卷调查。本研究专门对北京市女性市民的体育活动参与、中断和不 参与状况及原因进行了全面调查。调查结果表明，北京市女性市民16~70 岁体育人口 为38.9%，体育人口率随着年龄段的增长而增长，但61 岁~70 岁女性市民的体育人口有 所下降。非城六区体育人口高于城六区体育人口。女性市民参与体育活动的前三位目 的是增强体力与健康、消遣娱乐、防病治病；工作忙、家务忙、生病是制约女性市民参与 体育活动的前三位原因。
This study mainly used questionnaire survey and mathematical statistics method to conduct random sampling and household survey questionnaires for residents of Beijing household registration using streets and townships as sampling frames. This article has conducted a comprehensive survey of the participation, interruption, non-participation, and reasons of sports activities for female citizens in Beijing. The survey results show that the sports population of female citizens aged 16-70 in Beijing is 38.9%, and the sports population rate increases with age, but the sports population of 61- to 70-year-old female citizens has declined. The non-city six district sports population is higher than the city six district sports population. The first three purposes for female citizens to participate in sports activities are to enhance physical strength and health, entertainment, prevention and treatment; busy work, housework, and illness are the top three reasons that restrict female citizens’participation in sports activities.
科技创新服务能力建设—提升计划项目—北京市市民体育健身组织、健身参与和需求现状研究（市级） PXM2017_014206_000014；北京市体育局委托项目：《 北京市第三次群众体育现状调查（2015~2017）》子课题成果。