东京2020年奥运会延期背景下，如何应对我国奥运备战的实然困境是体育行政部门必须面对的实践课题。文中采用文献资料法，在探究世界竞技体育强国奥运备战经验与延期应对措施的基础上，深析我国奥运备战的实然困境与应然进路。研究认为，东京2020奥运会延期是国际奥委会维护奥林匹克利益、 保障运动员健康权益的必然选择。现阶段我国奥运备战面临训练计划时效性不足、训练经费拨付到期、兴奋剂管理力度宽松、运动员年龄审查与体能障碍、负向心理问题等困境。针对上述困境，提出我国奥运健康备战的应然进路：顶层设计，多方联动维护运动员参赛利益；科技驱动，三位一体助力奥运备战；人文关怀， 奥运备战注重以人为本。
From the perspective of Tokyo Olympic Games postponement，how to deal with the actual dilemma of preparing for the Olympic Games in China is a practical issue that sports administrative departments must face. Based on exploring the world's competitive sports Olympic preparation experience and the countermeasures of the postponement ，this paper deeply analyzes the actual difficulties and the proper way forward to prepare for the Olympic Games in China by using literature method. It is believed that the extension of the Tokyo Olympic Games is an inevitable choice for the IOC to safeguard the Olympic interests and the health rights and interests of athletes. At present，the preparation for the Olympic Games in China is faced with some difficulties，such as the lack of timeliness of training plan，the expiration of training funds，the loose management of doping，the problems in age examination and physical obstacles of athletes，and the negative psychological problems of athletes. In view of the above difficulties，this paper puts forward the necessary approach for China's health preparation for the Olympic Games: toplevel design and multi-party cooperation to protect athletes’interests of participating in the Games; technology-driven and trinity to help the Olympic preparations; to show humanistic care，focusing on people-oriented Olympic preparation.